Encountering headaches is a nightmare for many, especially those who have scheduled office meetings. Plans go haywire, and daily activity suffers due to headaches. One of the most intense forms of headaches is migraine, and it takes a toll on day-to-day activities. Women are more prone to migraine than men, and the ratio is three to one. According to various research activities, women face more frequent migraines than men.



There are four stages of migraine, and these are prodrome, aura, attack, and postdrome. Migraine can be triggered by certain smells, loud noises, intense sunlight, flashing lights, etc. Food and drinks like caffeinated drinks, alcohol, chocolate, pickled foods, and yeast may make things worse. 


On many occasions, hormonal activities in women can cause severe migraine in women. Menstrual migraines are expected up to two days before the menstrual cycle and three days after the cycle. It is also associated with menopause, pregnancy, hormonal replacement therapy, etc.


Lack of sleep, stress, anxiety, etc, are also likely causes.



Symptoms can range from nausea, dizziness, double vision, slurred speech, and a pounding headache that starts in the forehead and slowly spreads to the side of the head. Pain is often experienced on one side of the head, and sometimes, it includes the ears.  


There are different kinds of migraine, such as classic migraine, usually associated with flashing lights, colors, a pattern of lines, or shadows; common migraines, migraine without head pain, where there is a feeling of migraine symptoms sans pain.


Then there are Hemiplegic migraines that cause one side of the body to become weak and is like encountering a stroke.



The intense form of headache caused by migraines takes a toll on one’s health and also affects family members. Visiting a medical professional and going in for MRI/CT scans, blood, and imaging tests are recommended. Over-the-counter drugs, pain relievers, and prescription medicines can provide much-needed relief. However, this is not the long-term solution. Magnetic stimulation, relaxation techniques, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, and drinking plenty of water can keep migraines at bay.


There has been news of neuro surgeries conducted on individuals and situations for patients and practitioners. Many research activities are being undertaken in this regard.