Common in every household, the problem of dandruff is manifold. Coming across commercials on dandruff is funny. However, people suffering from dandruff end up in embarrassing situations. In some instances, buying expensive products to get rid of dandruff may not give proper results and lead to self-esteem issues for many. Severe dandruff may lead to mental depression.


The causes

Dandruff is a skin condition that happens when the skin on the scalp flakes. It is more common in males than females. Mild itchiness may set in, and an uncomfortable situation may arise. A severe form of dandruff, also known as seborrhoeic dermatitis, occurs due to inflammation of the skin. It results in itchy red patches, greasy scales, and white or yellow powdery flakes on the scalp. However, it can be treated if properly intervened. People with oily skin are more affected.


Environmental factors, along with genetics, play an important role where, in winter, the condition worsens. Even oily skin can cause dandruff to persist. Beginning at puberty and peaking post 20 years of age, dandruff can persist till later and become less in older age.

Testosterone stimulates the activities of sebaceous glands, leading to an increased chance of an inflammatory reaction, severe dandruff, and even a weakened immune system.


The remedies

Maintaining basic hygiene by regularly washing the hair with medicated shampoos, if necessary, will help to ward off dandruff. If dandruff persists, it is always advisable to visit a dermatologist, and as suggested, medicated shampoos are a good idea.


With the tropical climatic pattern in India, humidity and sweat make it easy for dandruff to remain. Dust and pollution aggravate the situation. It is also advisable to cover the hair while venturing out.


Managing it in the right way

Anti-dandruff products are available everywhere, but choosing the right one can be tricky. Without consulting a dermatologist, buying any fancy product will aggravate the situation rather than provide remedial benefits. Maintaining basic hygiene, like washing hair regularly, will somewhat mitigate the crisis.