India bagging the tag for being the cancer capital of the world is a serious issue, and it needs time to ponder over how to keep cancer at bay. The rising incidences of cancer have various reasons, one of them is consuming tobacco. Oral cancer is the most common and can be attributed to readily available tobacco. Tobacco is consumed in multiple forms, such as chewing, smoking, vaping, etc. Tobacco is available in the form of leaves that contain nicotine, an addictive drug, and has both stimulant and depressant effects. Leaves of tobacco are made into cigarettes, cigars, and pipes. 


Onset of cancer

Tobacco causes various types of cancer, namely lung, mouth, esophagus, throat, bladder, kidney, liver, stomach, pancreas, colon, rectum, etc. Tobacco consumption for a longer time higher the chances of cancer, whereas smoking tobacco for a longer period leads to around 70 chemicals getting into the bloodstream.


The chemicals may damage the DNA and make cells grow differently, ultimately leading to cancer.



In the initial phase, the cancer caused inside the mouth or throat is termed leukoplakia, a white patch that turns red in days. A thickening lump in the mouth or other body parts, a sore that doesn’t heal quickly, swallowing difficulties, discomfort in eating, bleeding bowel movement, etc. A tumor between 2 and 4 cm is found in the second stage. In the third stage, the growth is more than 4 cm, and in the fourth stage, the cancer diffuses to the lungs, liver, bones, etc


The cure

An early-stage cancer can be cured, provided the patient gets medical help on time and takes the proper medication. However, many take medical intervention later when things go out of hand. With cancer hospitals having high patient density, it is a ticking clock for many who desperately run around to save from the deadly disease.



Many initiatives have been undertaken to create more awareness regarding the ill effects of tobacco. Though a thriving industry where a lot of people are into the industry of manufacturing tobacco-related products, consuming and smoking tobacco have disastrous outcomes as people find it hard to quit the habit. 


Awareness level has been heightened on the rising incidences of cancer where grotesque pictures of cancer-infected areas, especially of the mouth, have been able to deter individuals from saying no to tobacco products. However, strict regulations and more awareness are the need of the hour.