Male infertility is a significant issue, and many in India avoid discussing it in a male-dominated society. According to the WHO, nearly 50 percent of infertility-related cases in India are due to male infertility issues. Fertility issues are something not new in India and have a partial role to play when it comes to conceiving. The issue of male infertility is immense, and men usually avoid discussing it in the open or seeking medical help due to the stigma attached to it and societal issues. It leads to a stressful and frustrating life for not being able to conceive a child; however, a silver lining is there, as many treatment options are available.



The main reason for infertility is low sperm production, abnormal sperm function, or specific blockages that prevent sperm mobility. Health issues related to illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, and lifestyle choices are the leading causes of male infertility. With no apparent signs and symptoms, one will be only able to know about male infertility after going in for treatment options. Inherited disorders, hormonal imbalances, and testicle issues are some of the matters that can cause infertility issues among men. Problems can be associated with sexual functions, pain and swelling in testicles, respiratory infections, and gynecomastia (enlargement of breast tissue in men/boys).



Many various factors can play a role when it comes to male infertility. Environmental contaminants like pollutants, pesticides, and toxins, substance abuse like smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and usage of drugs can play vital roles. In addition, obesity, strenuous physical activity, excessive exercise, etc., play a role in this scenario. Harmful radiation from mobile phones and keeping the same near the groin, hormonal imbalance, sexually transmitted diseases, anxiety and stress, chlamydia, and gonorrhea are the major contributing factors to male infertility.



Defying the odds and keeping aside the stigma, male infertility can be reversed with many treatment options available. Testing for sexually transmitted infections, taking medicines for improving sperm count, avoiding alcohol, and lifestyle changes will help in the long run. Managing stress and going in for yoga will help to cope with the hormonal imbalance. 


The way out

One has to remember that infertility issues need to be discussed among family members and friends, and one must visit a doctor specializing in infertility treatments. Not being shy and seeking the best available therapies will bring much-needed happiness.