A 62-year Hyderabad-based women’s operation for a 10-kg ovarian cyst sounds scary. Among many gynecological issues, ovarian cyst is a common phenomenon.

As pointed out by AIIMS in research, one in every four women suffer from ovary cysts. Though harmless, cysts can turn fatal for women once they form in excess. Left untreated, cysts can be a challenging episode for a woman.


Ovarian cysts are common growths, and a majority of them are harmless. Complications may arise in a few of them. Cysts form when the ovary has sacs filled with semi-sloid material or fluid.

Ovaries grow small cysts monthly, known as follicles or functional cysts. These occur during the ordinary course of the menstrual cycle.

The cysts form during ovulation and are a normal occurrence with no complications. They generally shrink over time within 60 days. Abnormal cell reproduction, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory diseases are the likely causes.

The other primary forms of cysts are follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts.


Cysts are usually harmless and cause no complications. Some cysts lead to pain in the infected area. A feeling of bloating in the lower belly, painful periods, and weight gain are also associated. If the cysts linger for a longer period, a woman may encounter polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

The complication arises when cysts turn cancerous. In some cases, the ovary may rupture, leading to a swelling in the belly region. Cysts also result in ovarian torsion, which leads to pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Cysts can take the form of Cystadenomas, dermoid cysts, or endometriomas. Sometimes, cysts may become carcinogenic.

Ovarian cysts release hormones until the placenta develops and assist in pregnancy. However, once the cyst grows beyond its limits, things may turn worse.


Regular check-ups are the key to overcoming crises. Imaging tests and ultrasonography help determine the position of the cysts and their growth.

Anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal contraceptives can prevent the cysts from growing further.

In case the cysts are large, cause pain, and show no sign of recovery, surgery is the only option. Laparoscopic laparotomy surgeries aid in quick recovery.


Women in rural locations are devoid of healthcare facilities due to societal pressure. With associated taboos, gynecological cases are hardly discussed within families. The result is a lack of awareness among women and family members. Heightened awareness levels will bring success in preventing complications due to ovarian cysts.

A lackadaisical attitude towards one’s well-being is a significant healthcare hindrance for women in cities. This prevents many from approaching a gynecologist to consult for cyst-related issues, which results in ovarian cysts growing beyond control. With tech innovation in treatment patterns, ovarian cysts can be well managed.